A investigação desenvolvida no Departamento de Museologia é realizada no âmbito Centro de Estudos de Sociomuseologia.(CISMus)
No entanto decorre atualmente o processo de articulação visando a criação de uma nova Unidade de Investigação denominada Centro de Estudos Interdisciplinares em Educação e Desenvolvimento (CeiED) da Universidade Lusófona, tendo para esse fim sido submetida uma candidatura junto da FCT (Processo RG-4114-1490)
Centro de Investigação em SocioMuseologia (CISMus)
SocioMuseology Research Centre (SMRC)
Establishing of the new SocioMuseology Research Centre (SMRC)within the Department of Museology of the Lusófona University requires the setting up of a structure, scientific and operational, to provide guidance and bring added value to theory, to the practice and to the training in museology field.
The here outlined Strategic Research Plan, for the SMRC, evince both the research needs and the possibilities of the Centre to reach the goals to be set, being aware that research drives innovation and development, enhance training skills and provide expertise for providing services to the community.
2. Vision Statement
To promote research in heritage sciences, by means of the relations established and to be established with the international scientific community.
To train and support, both scientifically and materially, young researchers, namely those preparing master and doctorate theses.
To spread scientific culture through the publication of the obtained results in books, in accredited national and foreign journals and in different formats of meetings, conferences and public debates, using the adequate technical resources of information, communication and dissemination.
To work with a clear understanding that Heritage sciences covered a widespread field of research and practices. In consequence SMRC recognising that is impossible to cover all subjects dealing with heritage sciences make a clear option to deal with non less wide field of Museology and in particularly with the increasing area of Sociomuseology.
This option results from the work developed in the last 20 year in the department of Museology promoting conceptual discussion, pos graduate training programs, external services, international cooperation and multifaceted dissemination activities.
At present time, with this roots our main goal is to conduct the SMRC in order to be a place where the reflection of theories and practices in Museology and Sociomuseology, in their broad senses, take place and make possible to act as a generator of knowledge and of tools and solutions tailored to the issues of heritage and museology mainly in Portugal and the lusophone countries.
The Centre, the Department of Museology, the staff and learners at all levels will participate routinely in strategically conceived and designed research and scholarly initiatives that contribute significantly to a sustainable management of territory, bringing benefits to the societies, increasing the economies viability and preservation and valorisation of culture and heritage.
We gather a SMRC with a clear scientific cut, with human and qualified resources, adequate technological means and with a flexible structure.
2.1. Goals and Strategic Priorities
3. Research Areas Framework
SMRC is committed to critical issues of particular relevance to the sustainability of museums and other cultural institutions dealing with heritage in a broader sense. To offers guiding principles and better coordinate the research efforts five research areas are recognised which encompass the broadest range of contemporary issues, museum and museology is faced with.
The research areas are:
In the Chapter 6 are compiled the main topics for each of the six research areas. Although in the transversality and linkages within the areas, integrated approaches and the cross-cutting themes should obtain priority.
4. Policy to Increase Research and Scientific Productivity
The first goal of SMRC is to position ourselves in the research and academic community both national and international across the globe, as an excellence research centre. To achieve this is necessary to increase the institutional and staff capacity. The capacity building is focused on creating and fostering a supportive environment for academic, research and community services. This includes building policies towards (a) an efficient management structure and staff with adequate qualifications, (b) supportive structure for increasing research activities, (c) providing incentives for increasing scientific productivity and (d) fostering doctoral programmes and increasing student participation in research and academic activities.
These five equally important strategic goals were identified after careful deliberations based on current and future strengths of SMRC. These are:
4.1. Organisation Structure
In the multidisciplinary research themes the SMRC is committed together with the Department of Museology and the staff to build a sustainable framework to foster the research activities and scientific collaborations.
In order to improve the research performance and drive knowledge exchange and innovation it is necessary to build a rational coordination of tasks and duties oriented towards achieving common goals as well as continuity through time. The following is a description of the essential contents:
COA - Steering Committee - is an advisory board of independent experts
4.2. Supportive Structure for Research
A major goal of SMRC is to establish a corporate programme that increases partnership opportunities, supports research, scholarship and creative activities. A resulting goal is to make the SMRC a reliable partner this requires not only an efficient management structure and skilled staff but supportive structures for increasing the activities.
4.3. Increasing Scientific Productivity
In order to make of the SMRC a place where knowledge of Urban Planning Science is generated requires clearly a supportive environment to advance such knowledge, tailored to different addressees. This means besides creating profound know-how increase the institutional and staff capacity and the exploitation of new technologies and the application of research results.
4.4. Policy for Scholar Programmes and Student Participation in Research Activities
Being part of a University which offers two levels of degrees (master's and PhD degrees) opens up an excellent opportunity to combine and make use of synergies between research and academic fields.
Engaging scholarly activities in research and vice-versa can add exciting dimensions to the both activities, e.g. generating innovative solutions or new ways of looking at challenges. For students the engagement in research activities facilitates the development of a comprehensive and invaluable skill set. The linkage will not only bear the ongoing transfer of knowledge but also provide insights in current methodologies, processes and the access to new and emerging technologies. The opportunities for students will be provided by activities including: teamwork, knowledge creation, critical thinking and testing, project management, proposal writing, reporting skills, public speaking and presenting, improvement in foreign languages, interpersonal skills, etc. The kind of exchange activities and the time frame will be decided according to each research programme.
5. Policy for Quality Control
Being aware that only planning or theoretical application cannot be guarantee complete success, there is the need to implement a framework for monitoring and evaluation within the CRSMUS. This topic is in fact another landmark then it will support the consolidation and/or improvement of research activities and scholar's programmes.
The first instance for monitoring and evaluation the performance of the SMRC is its directive board composed by the Director, Co-Director and the Heads of the Research Areas. As the Co-Director is in charge of monitoring the administrative and financial performance as well as ensuring the strategic plan is in place he/she will be responsible for this task - although all play an essential part in continually improve the services the SMRC delivers- internally and externally.
The SMRC welcomes and will follow the recommendations the Steering Committee (COA)
6. Research Areas & Topics
This section presents objectives for each area and details the research topics and their priorities. These topics will be developed within the lines of Theoretical and Conceptual Research (ITC), Operational Research (OR), Applied Research (IA), as well as the provision of Services for Community (CS). To carry out their tasks the research areas will apply various methods and research techniques always tailored to the needs of each project.
The SMRC is oriented to research and teaching of new museological practices, in particular community museology, ecomuseology, network museums, economuseology, associative based museums, neighbourhood museums, currently recognized by the International Council of Museums, acting from a perspective of social inclusion, the promotion of the values of participation and the respect for Human Rights. In Portugal and in Brazil 95% of all museological institutions correspond to the above practices. The Sociomuseology approach comes to conceptual issues, promoting understanding and the development of different forms of museological practices. It promotes the clarification and elaboration of methodologies, the understanding of the place of the new information and communication technologies, their links with other areas of knowledge and recognition of the museums as entities providing services.
The SMRC believes that Sociomuseology is defined as a means of social and communication intervention, for the benefit of the development of the communities that it serves. Sociomuseology is not limited to the traditional tasks that so often reduce Museums to simple warehouse condition. This goal of transformation of the individual and of society has profoundly changed the conservation paradigm of "keeping, studying and admiring" based on objects and not on the relation object/heritage with the community/public/users. The SMRC considers Sociomuseology as an area of knowledge in the process of consolidation with increasing autonomy and independence for the various disciplines that until recently almost exclusively deal with museums: History and History of Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Architecture and others.
What characterizes the activity of the SMRC is also the recognition that both students and researchers as museological institutions, operate in an increasingly demanding and complex social and economic context. The SMRC acknowledges on the one hand that students look for skills and qualifications that will allow them to manage the heritage/society relationship, regardless of the type of Museum and the different social and cultural contexts where the heritage is inserted.
The SMRC considers that students, for a variety of purposes, aim for:
i) being polyvalence,
ii) developing critical faculties,
iii) being able to solve different problems that the interpretation of the heritage places in different social and cultural contexts,
iv) being able to work in teams and museums with diverse institutional cultures,
v) being able to integrate different knowledge about the heritage.
The SMRC recognizes that in the last decades museological institutions in general have sought to respond to the new societal challenges, change the forms of technical and organizational performance and adopt new communication features.
The SMRC recognises that its place as instance of research and teaching is to clarify this complexity and of course contribute, in an interdisciplinary perspective for building solutions that can overcome the challenges of the contemporary world by making innovative contributions to society in specific areas.
In this context 2 research areas were defined taking into account the previous experience of the Department in respects to themes and research lines that argued the 17 theses and the 60 dissertations produced under the post-graduate programs -MSc and PhD- of the Department by Portuguese and Brazilian, French and Cape Verdean students: "Museology, Heritage and Cultural Development" "Museology and Education"
The creation of four partially new areas was also considered, one dedicated to the use/design of information and communication technologies "Museology and computing", another to the broad and promising area of "Museums as service providers", still another to, "Museums, Territory, Architecture and Design " and finally one dedicated to "Sociomuseology, Human Rights and Globalization"
The six research areas and topics are:
After a time when museological institutions were regarded only as a place of contemplation and cultural enrichment of individuals, the emphasis is centred on the enormous potential they contain as instruments of development in particular at local and regional level.
This research area deal with museologic theory, in a broad sense and its relations with other areas of knowledge.
This area aims to analyze the development issues in their relationship with the local and regional socio-economic contexts as well as the deepening of theoretical and methodological knowledge required for the analysis of different development contexts (economy, society, culture ...) and different scales (national, regional and local) and different typologies such as: Archeology, Anthropology, Sociology and Arts
This research area aims to promote the study and the construction of public policies that affect, directly or indirectly, the cultural and heritage sector of society dealing with local identities, minorities and cross-border societies.
Globalisation determines the action of museological institutions all over the world. The emergence of new currents of thought such as Altermuseology provides new challenges for museums.
The understanding of the new roles of museums depends on such large socio-cultural categories as the concepts of identity, diversity, biodiversity, gender and multiculturalism. In this sense, new approaches have been treated by museology, taking into account new concepts of cultural heritage, tangible and intangible heritage, social memory in its diachronic and synchronic perspectives, as well as problems involving memories and forgetfulness, power and resistance.
The action of museums is increasingly confronted with questions relating to human rights both in time of peace and in the context of wars and social conflicts. How can museums operate in contexts of poverty, natural disasters and conflicts?
This area of research includes also the issues of ethics in the definition of museological action and the limits of that action.
This research area aims to reflect on the role of educational action, its relations with the different cultural backgrounds having as reference the construction of knowledge in the fields of Museology and Pedagogy. This research area aims to discuss and analyze the educational, dimension of the Museum and the strategies and methodologies used in different contexts; to analyze and discuss the concepts of cultural and educational action, within the framework of the analysis and discussion of multiculturalism and social hybridism; to analyze aspects related to the management of the museums and their interfaces with cultural and educational action;
The Museum must continually build new ways to capture the attention of visitors and meet their expectations and specific needs. The relationship between museology and computing has come to occupy an increasingly important place in particular in the field of expography. This research area aims to reflect about this relationship, seeking to clarify its limits and combinations?. New technologies as communications resources. The Museum's responsibilities as a user of these technologies and its role as a factor in the development and/or innovation of new technologies. In this exploratory and experimental context a laboratory of Museology (LEME) was created, which aims to support and implement practical solutions in order to explore technologies that work either as independent installations or as a resources for exhibit interpretation. The museum based on the notion of information, generator of dynamics and interactivities. This research line also deals with new technologies and the use of social networks as resources for communication and participation.
Museums need to understand the meaning of the approach that will be able to recognise, support and sustain them as service providers, in the same way that specialists in services need to receive a request from museums to reflect explicitly on the specificities of these institutions which, in many ways, are socially and economically central in the contemporary world. In this sense, Museums need to involve knowledge from the areas of innovation, marketing, design and new information and communication technologies. These areas of knowledge endow museums with factors that aim to improve the quality of their relation with their publics and/or users.
Museums are currently a constructive element of cultural activity in every country, they hold a central place in identity, culture, leisure and education. They are at the heart of cultural public policies and the activity of companies which supply museums with services, equipment and software in the growing economy of the information and communication technologies. Whether they are traditional museums, which preserve and exhibit their collections for multiple purposes, including those of education and leisure, or whether they are museums conceptually sustained on Sociomuseology and therefore anchored in such concepts as development, territory, participation and social inclusion, in both cases they can be understood as organizations that are expected to provide services, that live up to the expectations of their publics/users/consumers.
This research area aims to foster studies about the museological infrastructures, in terms of design, management and integration in urban spaces and sustainability. The architecture in its articulation with the Museum programming. The Museum and sustainability: environment and energy. Architecture as communication scenarios. New construction technologies, new computational resources and domotics. Museological spaces and different scales of project: Building, exhibitions, furniture, design, city, territory.